Posts Tagged ‘Justice’

It was just a few weeks after Rwanda‘s genocide was finally brought to an end. The survivors were struggling to discover the fate of husbands, wives and children. New mass graves were being discovered by the day. A shocked world was wondering how, without lifting a finger to help the victims, it had allowed 800,000 Tutsis to be butchered in just 100 days, in one of the most extensive mobilisations of a population against its fellow citizens ever seen. (more…)

By: Mary Braid

Wednesday, 3 March 1999

THE HUTU rebels’ trademark is death by machete. Five years ago the same murderous militiamen were raping, hacking and bludgeoning their way across Rwanda, at the vanguard of the genocide in which at least 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus died. (more…)

By: Timothy Longman, Vassar College
In 1994, the small East African state of Rwanda was torn by one of the century’s most brutal waves of ethnic and political violence. In a three month period from April to June, the Rwandan Armed Forces (FAR), working with trained civilian militia, systematically massacred as many as 1 million of the country’s 7.7 million people. The primary targets of the violence were members of the minority Tutsi ethnic group, who were chased from their homes, gathered in churches and other public buildings, ostensibly for their protection, then methodically murdered, first with grenades and guns, then with machetes and other traditional weapons. (more…)

By Medecin Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders

November 10, 1994

Summary

The situation in the camps for Rwandese refugees in Tanzania and Zaire cannot be sustained. Humanitarian relief organizations may well be forced to halt their humanitarian relief activities. The security situation in the camps is deteriorating. Refugees do not enjoy adequate protection and live in fear for their lives with killings and disappearances becoming regular events. Refugees are being threatened and killed for wishing to return to Rwanda by the militia. (more…)

Jean Baptiste Kayigamba, who lost most of his family in the Rwandan genocide, wonders why Britain and France are harbouring the major perpetrators and whether recent legal changes will make a difference. Is Europe a safe haven for Rwandan mass killers? This is the question I ask myself every day. (more…)

By: William G. Thom

INTRODUCTION

The overthrow of Zaire’s President Mobutu Sese Seko, for 31 years a fixture of political dominance in central Africa, in an eight month military campaign, was a shocking development. To understand the downfall of Mobutu’s Zaire, an appreciation of both the military realities and the regional political dynamics of the 1990s is required. Further, this article will make the case that the war in Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of Congo (DROC), fits into the fabric of evolving patterns of military conflict in sub-Saharan Africa that have unfolded during the era of independence. (more…)

Source: State-in-Exile: Refugees’ Involvement in Host-Country Conflicts.

By: Marieke van Buuren, Raymond Karam, Jelle Wouters, Jolien Veldwijk

An outline of the history between the Rwanda refugees and the DRC

Joseph-Desire Mobutu became president of the DRC in 1965, but when the Cold War ended, Mobutu’s regime came under increased international pressure. In his struggle to remain in power Mobutu managed to play off ethnic rivalries between his various opponents. (more…)